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USA Women in Philosophy

Christa Davis Acampora is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Hunter College and The Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her areas of specialization include moral psychology, aesthetics, and contemporary political theory. Most recent publications in these areas include Cultural Sites of Critical Insight: Philosophy, Aesthetics, and African American and Native American Women’s Writings (co-edited with Angela Cotten, 2007) and Unmaking Race, Remaking Soul: Transformative Aesthetics and the Practice of Freedom (co-edited with Angela Cotten, 2007). Formerly, she was the executive secretary of the eastern division of the U.S. Society for Women in Philosophy. She also specializes in modern European philosophy, particularly the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. Currently, she is the executive editor of the Journal of Nietzsche Studies.

Linda Martín Alcoff teaches philosophy at Hunter College and the City University of New York Graduate Center. She works primarily in continental philosophy, epistemology, feminist theory, and philosophy of race. Her books and anthologies include Feminist Epistemologies (co-edited with Elizabeth Potter, Routledge, 1993), Real Knowing: New Versions of the Coherence Theory of Knowledge (Cornell, 1996), Epistemology: The Big Questions (Blackwell: 1998), Thinking from the Underside of History (co-edited with Eduardo Mendieta, Rowman and Littlefield 2000), Identities (coedited with Eduardo Mendieta, Blackwell 2003), Singing in the Fire: Tales of Women in Philosophy (Rowman and Littlefield 2003) Visible Identities: Race, Gender and the Self (Oxford 2006), Blackwell Guide to Feminist Philosophy (coedited with Eva Kitta, 2006), and Identity Politics Reconsidered (coedited with Hames-Garcia, Mohanty and Moya, Palgrave 2006). She has written dozens of articles on topics concerning Foucault, sexual violence, the politics of knowledge, Latino issues, and gender and race identity.

Amy Allen is Professor of Philosophy and Women’s and Gender Studies and Parents Distinguished Research Professor in the Humanities at Dartmouth College, where she has taught since 1997. She is the author of The Power of Feminist Theory: Domination, Resistance, Solidarity (Westview Press, 1999) and The Politics of Our Selves: Power, Autonomy and Gender in Contemporary Critical Theory (Columbia University Press, forthcoming 2007). Her articles on the concepts of power, agency, subjectivity and autonomy and on the work of Foucault, Butler, Arendt, and Habermas have appeared in such journals as Hypatia, Constellations, Philosophy and Social Criticism, Continental Philosophy Review, and The Philosophical Forum. She serves as the series editor of the Columbia University Press series New Directions in Critical Theory, as coordinating book review editor of the journal Constellations, and as a member of the executive committee of the Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy (SPEP).

Babette Babich is a philosopher of science and modern technology with an emphasis on aesthetics. A specialist in Nietzsche and Heidegger as well as Adorno, Hölderlin, Baudrillard, and Bataille, she also writes on the politics of the analytic-continental divide in philosophy as well as the status of women in philosophy. She is author of La fin de la pensée (forthcoming: Paris 2012); The Hallelujah Effect (forthcoming: Aldershot 2012); Nietzsche's Wissenschaftsphilosophie (Oxford/Bern 2010); »Eines Gottes Glück, voller Macht und Liebe« (Weimar 2009); Words in Blood, Like Flowers (Albany 2006); Nietzsche e la scienza (Milan 1996); Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Science (Albany 1994). She is also executive editor of New Nietzsche Studies.

Alison Bailey directs the Women’s and Gender Studies Program at Illinois State University where she is also an Associate Professor in the Philosophy Department. Her research addresses issues at the intersections of feminist theory, moral and political philosophy, philosophy of race/whiteness studies, and epistemology. Her work has appeared in Hypatia, The Journal of Peace and Justice Studies, Whiteness: Feminist Philosophical Perspectives (1999), Feminist Ethics Revisited (2001), Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance (2007), and The Center Must Not Hold: White Women on the Whiteness of Philosophy (2010). She has co-edited a special issue of Hypatia on “The Reproduction of Whiteness: Race and the Regulation of the Gendered Body,” with Jacquelyn N. Zita (2007) and reader, The Feminist Philosophy Reader (2008) with Chris J. Cuomo. Her current research addresses questions of race in feminist bioethics, philosophical perspectives on Indian surrogacy, and philosophical responses to intersectionality. Her published work is available through the SSRN Web site:

Rebecca Bamford teaches philosophy at the University of Minnesota, Rochester. She received her Ph.D in Philosophy from Durham University in England in 2004. Her work focuses on developing new solutions to problems in the history of ethics, bioethics, modern European philosophy, and comparative philosophy. She also works in and across philosophy of mind & psychology, philosophy of science, existentialism & phenomenology, philosophy of literature, aesthetics, and social & political philosophy. Her work has appeared in the American Journal of Bioethics, American Journal of Bioethics - Neuroscience, and the South African Journal of Philosophy. With Keith Ansell-Pearson, she is co-authoring Nietzsche’s Dawn: Philosophy as a Way of Living, Oxford: Wiley‐Blackwell (forthcoming 2013).

Bat-Ami Bar On is Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies at Binghamton University (SUNY). Her primary research and teaching interests have been focused on violence, democracy, and the work of Hannah Arendt. She is the author of The Subject of Violence: Arendtean Exercises in Understanding (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002) and of numerous articles. She is the editor of Jewish Locations: Traversing Racialized Landscapes (co-edited with Lisa Tessman, Lanham: Rowman and Littelfield, 2001) Daring to be Good: Essays in Feminist Ethico-Politics (co-edited with Ann Ferguson, New York: Routledge, 1998), Women and Violence: a special issue of Hypatia (Fall 1996), Engendering Origins: Critical Feminist Readings of Plato and Aristotle, and Modern Engenderings: Critical Feminist Readings in the History of Modern Western Philosophy (both, Albany: State University of New York, 1994). She is a founding member of the Association for Feminist Ethics and Social Theory(FEAST).

Berit (Brit) Brogaard is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at University of Missouri, St. Louis and is an Affiliate Faculty at the Institute for Women and Gender Studies. Her research, which is located at the intersection of philosophy of language, philosophical logic, metaphysics and epistemology, has appeared in various journals and edited volumes, including: Noûs, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Philosophical Quarterly, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Philosophical Perspectives, American Philosophical Quarterly, Analysis, Mind and Language, The Monist, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, Synthese and Canadian Journal of Philosophy. Her forthcoming book Transient Truths: an Essay in the Metaphysics of Propositions is a defense of David Kaplan’s thesis that tenses are modal operators on temporal content. Current research involves research on epistemic modals, counterpossibles, conditionals, interrogative clauses, concealed questions, knowledge-wh, variable-free semantics, and epistemic two-dimensionalism. Contact info: Weblog: Lemmings.

Lara Buchak is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at UC Berkeley. Her primary research interests are in decision, game, and rational choice theory. Her work focuses on how an individual ought to take risk into account when making decisions and how we should best model risk attitudes within decision theory. She argues for a more permissive theory of rationality than is standardly assumed: her theory is a mathematical generalization of the orthodox theory. Her further work in formal epistemology explores the questions of when and why one ought to stop one’s search for further evidence. In the philosophy of religion, she has written on the question of what faith is, and under what circumstances it is rational to have faith. She also has more general interests in the philosophy of religion, and in epistemology.

Joan Callahan received her PhD in Philosophy at the University of Maryland, College Park, in 1982. She taught in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Kentucky from 1986 to 2007. Before that, she taught in the Department of Philosophy at Louisiana State University (1982-1986). She remains at the University of Kentucky on medical leave status. Her research interests span ethical theory, practical ethics, social and political philosophy, philosophy of law, feminist theory, critical race theory, and the places where these areas of study intersect. Her current research involves digitally filming in-depth interviews of feminist philosophers, many from the first cohort of feminist philosophers in North America. She served as Director of the Gender and Women's Studies Program for eight years, and retains affiliation with the interdisciplinary Social Theory Program, both at the University of Kentucky. She remains active in the Gender and Women’s Studies Program, which is transitioning to department status. She has served as the editor of the American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy, and on the American Philosophical Association Committee on the Status of Women. She is a founding member of FEAST, the Association for Feminist Ethics and Social Theory, and long served on the FEAST Steering Committee as the group’s Archivist. She has also served on the American Philosophical Association Board of Officers, the Council to the Chair of the APA Board, the APA Committee on the Status and Future of the Profession, and as Chair of the APA's Committee on Inclusiveness in the Profession. In 2007 she was honored as the U.S. Society for Women in Philosophy's Distinguished Woman Philosopher. In 2008, she was the faculty recipient of the President's Award for Diversity at the University of Kentucky. Her vita can be found online at: .

Sharyn Clough is an associate professor of philosophy at Oregon State University. She uses a contemporary pragmatist approach to semantics as a tool to investigate the role of feminist and other values in scientific practice. She is the author of Beyond Epistemology: A Pragmatist Approach to Feminist Science Studies (Rowman and Littlefield 2003), and the editor of Siblings Under the Skin: Feminism, Social Justice and Analytic Philosophy (Davies Group 2003). In addition, she has written a number of essays and reviews for journals such as Studies in the History and Philosophy of the Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Social Epistemology and Hypatia. An ex-pat from Canada, Sharyn finds The Colbert Report a helpful guide to US politics, and even epistemology. In the words of S. Colbert: "The truth is contagious, and I haven't washed my hands in days." (email:

Angela Coventry is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Portland State University. She received her PhD from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2004. Her major area of research is Early Modern Philosophy (17th and 18th Century Continental and British).

Sharon Crasnow is a professor of philosophy at Norco College (Riverside Community College District). Her main areas of interest are feminist epistemology and philosophy of science (particularly the social sciences). She has published articles on feminist standpoint theory and the social sciences (Handbook of Philosophy of Anthropology and Sociology and Science and Education ) and is currently working on epistemological issues raised by methodology in political science (case studies). She is a past president of the Society for Analytical Feminism and with Anita M. Superson has co-edited Out From the Shadows: Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy, an anthology of analytical feminist contributions to "mainstream" philosophy forthcoming from OUP in 2012.

Anne D'Arcy is a lecturer at Cal State University, Chico, where she has taught gender theory, logic and critical thinking, biomedical ethics, and Human Existence. Her field of specialization is French feminist theory, particularly ecriture feminine and the work of Helene Cixous. She has written a novel in ecriture feminine as well as a number of other creative pieces and essays on French feminist philosophers. A chapter in The Power of Ideas on feminist philosophy is forthcoming (Mc-Graw-Hill, 2009). She can be reached at

Nancy Daukas is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Guilford College, in Greensboro, NC, where she also contributes to the Women’s Studies program. Current (2010) research focuses on the epistemology of testimony, epistemic politics, virtue epistemology, feminist epistemology, standpoint epistemology. She has published articles that intersect those interests, and others on epistemic contextualism, relativism, and skepticism. Primary teaching areas include epistemology, gender, modern western philosophy, elementary formal logic, with occasional forays into philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, animal ethics, environmental philosophy. (email:

Judith Wagner DeCew
is Professor of Philosophy, former Associate Dean, and currently Department Chair at Clark University. She served on the philosophy faculty at MIT for eight years, and has been a Research Fellow at the Radcliffe Bunting Institute and Harvard Law School. She has received fellowships from the National Endowment for Humanities, the American Council for Learned Societies, and the American Association of University Women. DeCew is the author of In Pursuit of Privacy: Law, Ethics, and the Rise of Technology (Cornell, 1997), Unionization in the Academy: Visions and Realities (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), and coeditor of Theory and Practice (NYU, 1995), and she has published over 30 articles on ethics, philosophy of law, and social and political theory. In 1993 DeCew was awarded Clark’s Hayden Faculty Fellowship for excellence in teaching and research. She served as Secretary-Treasurer of the American Society for Political and legal Philosophy from 1997-2002. She served on the American Philosophical Association’s Committee on Philosophy and Law during 1990-1993 and for another 3-year term 2006- 2009.

Penelope Deutscher is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Northwestern University. She is the author of Yielding Gender: Feminism, Deconstruction and the History of Philosophy (Routledge 1997); A Politics of Impossible Difference: The Later Work of Luce Irigaray (Cornell UP 2002); How to Read Derrida (Granta/Norton, 2006) and The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Conversion, Ambiguity, Resistance (forthcoming, Cambridge University Press). She co-edited, with Kelly Oliver, Enigmas: Essays on Sarah Kofman (Cornell UP, 1999) and, with Françoise Collin, an anthology of translations of Anglo-American feminist political philosophers, Repenser le politique: l'apport du féminisme (Campagne première/Les cahiers du grif, 2004), and served as guest editor of the special issue of Hypatia: Contemporary French Women Philosophers (15:4, 2000). Areas of particular interest include twentieth century French philosophy (Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Blanchot, Derrida) , philosophy of gender (Beauvoir, Irigaray), and theories of biopolitics and genealogy (Nietzsche, Foucault, Agamben, Butler). She has been awarded a Humboldt Research Fellowship (2007-8), a Distinguished Fellowship at the Institute of Advanced Study, Durham University, UK (2007), a N.S.W. Expatriate Scientists Return Residency Award at the University of Sydney (2005) and an Australian Research Council Large Grant (1999-2001).

Paula Droege is a Lecturer in philosophy at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. She was recently a Visiting Lecturer at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Berlin, Germany. Her research on philosophical theories of consciousness proposes an essential role for temporal representation in conscious states. She is the author of Caging the Beast: A Theory of Sensory Consciousness (John Benjamins 2003) and several articles on consciousness theory. She has also published articles in feminist theory on subjectivity and autonomy. (email:

Patricia Easton is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Claremont Graduate University. She received her Ph.D. in 1993 from the University of Western Ontario, and was a Post-Doctoral Fellow during 1993-1995 at the University of Toronto. She joined the faculty at Claremont in 1995 and served as Dean of the Arts and humanities (2002-2007). She specializes in the history of modern philosophy, particularly the philosophy of René Descartes and the Cartesians of the seventeenth century. Her interests also include the philosophy of mind, the history of science, and the history of philosophy. Publications include "What is at Stake in the Cartesian Debates on the Eternal Truths?", Philosophy Compass 4/2 (2009): 348–362; several articles on the philosophy of Robert Desgabets; she edited Logic and the Workings of the Mind: The Logic of Ideas and Faculty Psychology in Early Modern Philosophy, North American Kant Society Studies in Philosophy Series (Atascadero: Ridgeview Publishing,1997); co-authored The Cartesian Empiricism of François Bayle, with Thomas M. Lennon (New York: Garland Press, 1992), and is director of the Descartes Web Site:Passions de L’Ame and Passions of the Soul, a modernized edition, directed and edited by Patricia Easton (May 2000; 2009) URL = She is the recipient of grants from the Norris Foundation, the Blais Foundation, the CGS/Ford Foundation, and the Mellon Foundation, and was a Borchard Foundation Scholar-in-Residence Grant in France during fall 2000.

Ann Ferguson is emerita Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. She is also a social justice activist who is the co-founder of the solidarity group Feminist Aid to Central America. She has written two books, co-edited two books, and written numerous articles in feminist theory, ethics and politics. The books are: Blood at the Root: Motherhood, Sexuality and Male Dominance (London: Pandora\Unwin Hyman, 1989) and Sexual Democracy: Women, Oppression and Revolution (Boulder: Westview, 1991). She co-edited a book in feminist ethics with Bat Ami Bar On, Daring to be Good: Feminist Essays in Ethico-Politics (Routledge, 1998), and has recently co-edited a festschrift for Iris Young with Mechchild (Mecke) Nagel, Dancing with Iris: The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young, (2009) with Oxford University Press. She is now doing research on love as a problem for feminists, including the issue of solidarity as a new feminist paradigm of global justice, and a tri-systems theory of gender, class and racial dominance.

Carrie Figdor is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, IA. Her main areas of research include metaphysics and philosophy of mind and cognitive science. She also publishes in media ethics. Recent articles include Intrinsically/Extrinsically (Journal of Philosophy, 2008) and Neuroscience and the Multiple Realization of Cognitive Functions (Philosophy of Science, 2010). She obtained her Ph.D. in philosophy in 2005 from the CUNY Graduate Center following a journalism career with The Associated Press.

Pieranna Garavaso is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Minnesota, Morris. Her areas of interest include epistemological and metaphysical issues in the philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, Wittgenstein, Frege, Russell, and feminist epistemologies. She is the author of Filosofia della matematica. Numeri e strutture, Guerini 1998, and coauthor of Filosofia delle donne, with Nicla Vassallo (University of Genoa, Italy), Laterza 2007. She is the editor of Philip Hugly and Charles Sayward, Arithmetic and Ontology: A Non-Realist Philosophy of Mathematics, with commentaries by C. Cheyne, S. Shieh, and J.P. Van Bendegem, Monograph-in-Debate Series of The Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Science and the Humanities, vol. 90, Amsterdam/New York, NY: Rodopi, 2006. She has published articles in English and Italian on the philosophy of mathematics and on the philosophy of Wittgenstein and Frege. Some of her most recent works discuss the impact of feminist philosophy on analytic philosophy.

Nicole Garner is an Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at Ursuline College in Cleveland, Ohio. She received her M. A. in philosophy from Cleveland State University in 2009. Her research focuses on French Existentialism, Queer Theory, phenomenology, French literature, and alternative feminisms. She has published articles on activism and social class and on Violette Leduc. She is currently examining the phenomenology of trauma and writing a series of essays on phenomenology and social class in the work of Violette Leduc. She is the current historian for the Eastern Division of the Society of Women in Philosophy.

Ann Garry is Professor Emerita of Philosophy at California State University, Los Angeles. She is also a frequent Visiting Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies at UCLA. During 2007 she taught feminist philosophy at the University of Tokyo on a Fulbright Fellowship; in fall 2011 she was Humphrey Chair in Feminist Philosophy at the University of Waterloo. With Marilyn Pearsall, she co-edited Women, Knowledge and Reality: Explorations in Feminist Philosophy (2nd ed., Routledge, 1996) and with Talia Bettcher, co-edited an issue of Hypatia 24:3 (2009): Transgender Studies and Feminism: Theory, Politics, and Gendered Realities. Her articles range from feminist issues in bioethics and philosophy of law to analytic feminist epistemology and philosophical method. Recently she has been working on the intersections of race, sexuality and gender. Since the 1970’s she has been active in founding the institutions of feminist philosophy in the United States, for example, the journal, Hypatia, and the Pacific Division of Society for Women in Philosophy. She has served twice on the APA’s Committee on the Status of Women. She was also the first director of the Center for the Study of Genders and Sexualities at CSULA. More information is available on her website.

Tamar Szabo Gendleris Professor of Philosophy at Yale University and Chair of Yale's Cognitive Science Program. Her professional philosophical writings focus primarily on issues in philosophical psychology, epistemology, metaphysics, and aesthetics. Recently, she has given a number of public lectures on the topic of human flourishing. Most of her current professional work addresses a cluster of issues surrounding the relations between explicit and implicit attitudes. Other current interests include general questions about philosophical methodology, and a number of specific issues that arise from thinking about the relation between imagination and belief. Her earlier philosophical work addressed various topics in metaphysics and epistemology including conceivability and possibility, perceptual experience, personal identity, and the methodology of thought experiment. Her research and teaching are informed both by the tools of traditional analytic philosophy, and by recent empirical work in developmental, cognitive and social psychology.

Lori Gruen is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Wesleyan University. Her work lies at the intersection of ethical theory and ethical practice, with a particular focus on ethical issues that impact those often overlooked in traditional ethical investigations, e.g. women, people of color, non-human animals. She has published widely on topics in practical ethics including: animal ethics and mind, feminist and ecofeminist ethics and philosophy of law. She is the co-editor of three volumes: Reflecting on Nature (1994), Sex, Morality, and the Law (1997) and Stem Cell Research: The Ethical Issues (2007). She is currently writing two books: one (from Cambridge University Press) on Ethics and Animals; the second explores the complex philosophical issues raised by our relations to captive chimpanzees. In the course of her research on the latter she has documented the history of the first 100 chimpanzees in the US. She is currently co-editor of [[|Hypatia]].

Ruth Hagengruber holds a chair in Philosophy at the University Paderborn, where she is head of the research areas History of Women Philosophers and Scientists and Philosophy and Computing Science. She studied Philosophy and History of Natural Sciences, with a concentration in the History of Geometry at the Ludwig-Maximilian-University in Munich. She received her Master’s degree with a thesis on Plato’s Symposium, her Ph.D. deals with Renaissance Metaphysics and Mathematics in the philosophy of Tommaso Campanella, Academia 1994. Ruth Hagengruber earned a certificate in Economics and wrote on Nutzen und Allgemeinheit. Zu einigen grundlegenden Problemen der Praktischen Philosophie, Academia 2000. She was awarded a grant from the Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst to support her studies on Renaissance philosophy and mathematics in Naples, Italy, and held a scholarship from the Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes as well as of the Istituto per gli Studi Filosofici , Naples, Italy a.o. . Since 2001 she has been engaged in research in the area of Philosophy and Computation Science, documented also in Philosophy’s Relevance in Information and Computing Science, Springer 2011. She is editor and author of several books and essays contributing to the History of Women in Philosophy, as Emilie Du Châtelet between Leibniz and Newton, 2011 Springer; Von Diana zu Minerva. Philosophierende Aristokratinnen des 17. Und 18. Jahrhunderts, 2010 Akademie; Klassische Philosophische Texte von Frauen. Texte vom 14. Bis zum 20. Jahrhundert, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag 19982 et al.; Major contributions on Emilie Du Châtelet, Edith Stein, on the idea of a history of women philosophers from ancient times up to now. Currently she is preparing a textbook on women philosophers and is focusing on Economic Aspects in Political Philosophy, incorporating the writings of women philosophers in her research.

Nancy Slonneger Hancock is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Director of Women's & Gender Studies at Northern Kentucky University. Her primary philosophical interests are in environmental feminism (especially non-human animals), computer ethics, and technology and human nature (especially transhumanism and cyberfeminism). She is actively involved with the American Association of Philosophy Teachers, having served as Executive Director (1994-2000), Vice President (2005-2006), and President (2007-2008). She is a member of the Board of Trustees for the journal Teaching Philosophy and edits its "Logic Notes" column. Before coming to Northern Kentucky University in 2000, she taught at University of Louisville and Transylvania University.

Sally Haslanger is Professor of Philosophy in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at MIT and is Director of the Women's and Gender Studies Program. Her primary interests are in metaphysics, epistemology, ancient philosophy (especially Aristotle) and feminist theory. She has published on the problem of persistence through change, pragmatic paradox, and Aristotle's theory of substance; in feminist theory she has written on objectivity and objectification, and on the social construction of gender and race. With Charlotte Witt, she has co-edited Adoption Matters: Philosophical and Feminist Essays (Cornell University Press, 2005); with Elizabeth Hackett she has co-edited Theorizing Feminisms (Oxford University Press, 2005); and with Roxanne Marie Kurtz, Persistence, (MIT Press 2006). She co-edits the Symposium on Gender, Race and Philosophy, a web publication, with Alia Al-Saji, Robert Gooding-Williams, Ronald Sundstrom and Cynthia Willett. She is organizer of the Boston-Area Workshop on Gender and Philosophy (WOGAP). Before coming to MIT in 1998, she taught at the University of California-Irvine, Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania, and the University of Michigan.

Claire Horisk is an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Missouri. Her primary research interests are in the philosophy of language. Her work concerns a number of issues about truth and meaning, including truth-conditional semantics, contextualism, conventional implicature, and more recently, the border between semantics and pragmatics.

Kristen Irwin is assistant professor of philosophy in the School of Arts & Sciences at Biola University. She works primarily in early modern philosophy, with an emphasis on the rationalist and skeptical traditions. She also has interests in existentialism, phenomenology, philosophy of religion, and feminist philosophy. She earned her Ph.D. at the University of California, San Diego, and regularly teaches upper-division ethical theory, modern philosophy, a philosophical methods seminar, and an upper-division advanced studies course.

**Anne Jaap Jacobson** is professor of philosophy and electrical and computer engineering at the University of Houston, where she is also chair of the university’s Center for Neuro-Engineering and Cognitive Science. Her recent research advances an historically-based reconceptualization of “representation” as it appears in the new sciences of the mind. The work requires major revisions to a number of areas dealing with topics such as action, perception, concepts and the history of philosophy. She has recent articles on these topics in Philosophical Psychology, Inquiry, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, and Behavioral and Brain Sciences (forthcoming comments). She also has many articles on feminist philosophy, belief and action explanations, and issues in Humean scholarship. She edited the volume on David Hume in the Rereading the Canon series that Nancy Tuana has overseen. She has treasured her association with STEM members of the University of Houston and in Houston’s medical center; she thinks that for her philosophy was incomplete before she returned to the task, prominent in early modern philosophy, of integrating it with the current sciences of the mind.

Robin James is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at UNC Charlotte and has an adjunct appointment in Women's and Gender Studies. Her research bridges continental philosophy, feminist, critical race, and queer theories, and musicology and popular music studies. Her book, The Conjectural Body: Gender, Race, and the Philosophy of Music (Lexington 2010) addresses both Western political philosophers' uses of music, and the various ways (both within and beyond philosophy) that musical concepts and values are racialized and gendered. She has published articles on music and gender/race/sexuality in journals such as Hypatia, Journal of Popular Music Studies, and Contemporary Aesthetics. She maintains a research blog at, where you can go to see her current projects-in-progress.

Marianne Janack is the Sidney Wertimer Associate Professor of Philosophy at Hamilton College. She received her A.B. from Colgate University and her M.A. and Ph.d. from Syracuse University, where her dissertation supervisor was Linda MartÍn Alcoff. Her research interests are primarily in the areas of feminist epistemology, philosophy of science, and theories of identity. She is the editor of Feminist Interpretations of Richard Rorty (forthcoming in the Re-reading the Canon Series from the Penn State University Press) and is the author of several articles on the concept of objectivity:

Leigh M. Johnson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Rhodes College (Memphis, TN). She received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from The Pennsylvania State University in 2007, with a doctoral minor in African and African-American Studies. Her research specializes in social and political philosophy, 19th/20th/21st C. Continental philosophy, and theories of race and gender. She has published on human rights, truth commissions, and democratic theory in such journals as International Studies in Philosophy and Philosophy and Social Criticism. She maintains a philosophy and politics blog at ReadMoreWriteMoreThinkMoreBeMore, which she has done since 2006. In August 2009, she was interviewed for Dr. Chris Long's "Socratic Politics in Digital Dialogue" for an episode discussing her recent work on "Humanism."

Marjorie Jolles is Associate Professor of Women's and Gender Studies at Roosevelt University, in Chicago. She received her Ph.D. in Philosophy, with a Graduate Certificate in Women's Studies, from Temple University. Her research interests bring together Continental philosophy and feminist cultural studies, with particular focus on rhetorics of feminine authenticity, styles of embodiment, and cultural imperatives of self-transformation. She has published articles in Hypatia; Feminist Formations; Critical Matrix: The Princeton Journal of Women, Gender, and Culture; The Oprah Phenomenon (eds. Watson and Harris); Feminist Teacher; and The American Philosophical Association's Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy. She is editor (with Shira Tarrant) of Fashion Talks: Undressing the Power of Style (SUNY Press, 2012). Her current book project, Women and Their Bodies, is a primer on contemporary feminist scholarship and debates on embodiment, power, and culture.

Barrie Karp, artist, pioneer antiracist feminist educator teaching philosophy, cultural studies, humanities and arts in NYC colleges & universities since 1970. B.S., Philosophy, Columbia University, 1967. Ph.D. CUNY, Philosophy, 1979. Faculty Member, New School for Social Research since 1982. Faculty Member, Eugene Lang College the New School for Liberal Arts, since 1988. Faculty Member, School of Visual Arts, Department of Humanities & Sciences, Philosophy & Cultural Studies Track, since 1982. //

Amy Kind is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Claremont McKenna College where she teaches courses in philosophy of mind, metaphysics, and logic. From 2005-2008 she served as Associate Dean of the Faculty, and she currently serves as Chair of of the Department of Philosophy. She received her PhD in Philosophy from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1997. Her research interests are primarily in the philosophy of mind, and she focuses primarily on issues relating to the imagination and to phenomenal consciousness. Some of her published work includes "Putting the Image Back in Imagination" (Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2001), "What's So Transparent About Transparency" (Philosophical Studies 2003), and "Restrictions on Representationalism" (Philosophical Studies 2007).

//Eva Feder Kittay// is Professor of Philosophy at SUNY, Stony Brook. She publishes on care ethics, feminist philosophy and disability theory. Major publications include “On the Margins of Moral Personhood” (in Ethics); //Love’s Labor: Essays on Women, Equality, and Dependency//; //Blackwell Guide to Feminist Philosophy// (with L. Alcoff); //The Subject of Care: Feminist Perspectives on Dependency// (with E. Feder); Women and Moral Theory (with D. T. Meyers), //Metaphor: Its Cognitive Force and Linguistic Structure//; and Frames, Fields and Contrasts (edited with A. Lehrer). She is working on two books, one tentatively entitled, A Quest for A Humbler Philosophy: Thinking about Disabled Minds and Things that Matter; the other, collection of her essays on ethics of care. She is the mother of two children, one of whom has significant cognitive impairments. //

//Christine M. Korsgaard// earned her BA at the University of Illinois in 1974, her PhD at Harvard, where she studied with John Rawls, in1981; and an LHD at the University of Illinois in 2004. She works on moral philosophy and its history, practical reason, agency, and personal identity. She is the author of The Sources of Normativity (Cambridge 1996), Creating the Kingdom of Ends, a collection of essays on Kantian ethics (Cambridge, 1996), and one of the editors of Reclaiming the History of Ethics: Essays for John Rawls (Cambridge 1997). She is currently working on Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity, a book about the foundation of morality in the nature of agency, and a collection of recent papers, The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology. She has held positions at Yale, the University of California at Santa Barbara, and the University of Chicago. She won a Mellon Distinguished Achievement Award in 2004 and is a member of the American Philosophical Association, the North American Kant Society, the Hume Society, the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

//Rebecca Kukla// is Professor of Philosophy and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of South Florida. She received her Ph.D. in Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh in 1996. She also completed a a Greenwall Postdoctoral Fellowship in Bioethics and Health Policy at Johns Hopkins University in 2005, and her Sommelier Certification at Algonquin College in 2007. She is the author of Mass Hysteria: Medicine, Culture, and Mothers' Bodies (Rowman and Littlefield 2005), the editor of Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy (Cambridge 2006), and, with Mark Lance, the co-author of 'Yo!' and 'Lo!': The Pragmatic Topography of the Space of Reasons (Harvard 2008). She currently holds a grant from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for a project entitled "Autonomy and the Negotiation of Information in Reproductive Health Care". Her research interests include philosophical and cultural studies of medicine, epistemology, eighteenth century philosophy, and feminist philosophy. She is the daughter of philosopher André Kukla and the wife of philosopher Richard Manning, as well as the proud mother of Eli Kukla-Manning.

//Rae Langton// is Professor of Philosophy at MIT. Born and raised in India, she studied Philosophy at Sydney University, spending time in each of the two Philosophy Departments Sydney had at that stage (analytic and continental). She did her graduate work at Princeton, and taught at Monash University in Melbourne, the ANU in Canberra, Sheffield University and the University of Edinburgh. She was Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh, a position for which David Hume was turned down, but fortunately for her he was no longer in the running... In taking up this position she was the first woman to be a Professor of Philosophy in Scotland. She works in moral and political philosophy, history of philosophy and feminist philosophy. She is the author of //Kantian Humility: Our Ignorance of Things in Themselves// (Oxford 1998), and //Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification// (Oxford 2009), as well as various articles in her fields of interest.

Jennifer Lawson is a former graduate student the University of North Florida. She attended Stetson University as an undergraduate, where she began reading, and developed deep interests in, ethics, epistemology, feminist philosophy, metaphysics and logic. She has special interests in Wittgenstein and Kierkegaard, having studied under several scholars of both. She attended the University of North Florida and completed everything but her Master's thesis because of medical reasons. Having severe and broad Obsessive-Complusive Disorder, Ms Lawson has had to seek treatment, including being hospitalized and medicated, to treat her severe OCD, which has gotten better with medication and therapy. At the University of North Florida, she developed an interest in Bernard Williams, and had the privilige of being a research assistant for the book Reading Bernard Williams.

Emily S. Lee is Associate Professor of philosophy at California State University at Fullerton. Her research interests include feminist philosophy, philosophy of race and phenomenology, especially the works of Maurice Merleau-Ponty. She has an anthology, Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, and Race forthcoming from SUNY Press. She has published articles on phenomenology and epistemology in regards to the embodiment and subjectivity of women of color in journals including: Hypatia: a Journal of Feminist Philosophy, The Southern Journal of Philosophy, and Philosophy Today. She served as the Executive Secretary for the Society for Women in Philosophy, Pacific Division. She is currently working on a book concerning the phenomenology of race.

Wendy Lynne Lee is professor of philosophy at Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania where she has taught for more than 20 years. Her areas of specialization include philosophy of language, philosophy of of sexual identity, feminist theory, philosophy of ecology, ecological aesthetics, philosophy of mind/brain, and philosophy of animal cognition/welfare/rights. Her book publications include On Marx (2001), Contemporary Feminist Theory and Activism (2010 ), and the forthcoming Manifesto for an Ecological Humanism (2015). She has published her some 40 scholarly pieces in Apieron, Hypatia, Ethics and the Environment, Environmental Philosophy, Environmental Ethics, and Nature + Culture, among other journals and anthologies. She is co-editing an issue of The International Journal of Feminist BioEthics with Laura Purdy on the implications for health and welfare of extreme forms of fossil fuel extraction. She has given Pennsylvania State House testimony opposing legislation to codify heterosexuality as the only recognized marital union in that state's constitution. She also has a very active life as a dissident, activist, and grass roots organizer, particularly on issues that affect women, nonhuman animals, indigenous peoples, and the economically marginalized. She is currently on the executive committee for the Shale Justice Coalition, and writes a regular blog, THE WRENCH, concerning the environmental, economic, and social justice consequences of fossil fuel extraction and consumption. Her blog work is frequently posted at Raging Chicken Press, ShaleShock, and Pennsylvania Frack. She regularly works with her activist counterparts struggling against multinational energy corporations in other states as well as other countries, including Romania, India, France, and Ireland. She has been featured and/or cited for her effort to make good on Karl Marx' claim that the point of philosophy is not merely to know the world but to change it for the better in The American Prospect, Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, State Impact Pennsylvania, PublicSource, Shale Reporter, Democracy NOW, and BURN. She is also one of the most active photo-documentarians of the Pennsylvania anti-fracking movement, and regularly includes her photographs of drilling operations, ecological devastation, protests, and public hearings in her invited public presentations, for example, "The Good Ole' Boy Extraction Club" at Susquehanna University and at SUNY Cortland. Her photographs are available on her FLICKR page. She is an active union member in APSCUF (The Association of Pennsylvania College and University Faculty), and drafted it's position statement opposing all forms of extreme fossil fuel extraction on public college and university lands and campuses. She also helped to organize, blog, and photo-document the Occupation of Riverdale--one of the key galvanizing actions of the Pennsylvania anti-fracking movement, during which she had the privilege of having long and rich philosophical discussions with her fellows during the midnight to 3AM security shifts.

//Hilde Lindemann// is Professor of Philosophy at Michigan State University. She is the editor of Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, and coeditor (with Sara Ruddick and Margaret Urban Walker) of Rowman & Littlefield’s Feminist Constructions series. She has also been the general coeditor (with James Lindemann Nelson) of the Reflective Bioethics series at Routledge. Her books include An Invitation to Feminist Ethics (McGraw-Hill 2005) and, as Hilde Lindemann Nelson, Damaged Identities, Narrative Repair (Cornell University Press 2001). With James Lindemann Nelson she coauthored Alzheimer’s: Answers to Hard Questions for Families (Doubleday 1996) and The Patient in the Family (Routledge 1995), and she has also edited three collections: Feminism and Families and Stories and Their Limits: Narrative Approaches to Bioethics (both Routledge 1997), and, with Marian Verkerk and Margaret Urban Walker, Naturalized Bioethics (Cambridge 2008). A Fellow of the Hastings Center, her ongoing research interests are in feminist bioethics, feminist ethics, the ethics of families, and the social construction of persons and their identities.

Mary Briody Mahowald is Professor Emerita at the University of Chicago. Her books include An Idealistic Pragmatism: The Development of the Pragmatic Element in Josiah Royce (1972), Women and Children in Health Care (1993), Philosophy of Woman: Classical to Current Concepts (1978, '83, '94), Disability, Difference, Discrimination: Perspectives on Justice in Bioethics and Public Policy (co-authored with Anita Silvers and David Wasserman, 1998), Genes Women, Equality (2000), Genetics in the Clinic: Clinical, Ethical, and Social Implications for Primary Care (co-edited with V McKusick, A. Scheuerle, and T. Aspinwall, 2001), and Bioethics and Women: Across the Life Span (2006).

Chaone Mallory is Assistant Professor of Environmental Philosophy at Villanova University, where she teaches courses in environmental ethics, environmental philosophy, ecofeminism, and the environment and social, political, and cultural thought. She received her Ph.D. in 2006 from the University of Oregon in Environmental Science, Studies, and Policy with Philosophy as the focal department. Prior to that, she earned an M.A. in Philosophy with a concentration in Environmental Ethics from the University of North Texas, where she studied under founding members of the field; including Max Oelschlaeger, J. Baird Callicott, and Eugene C. Hargrove. Her research effects an engagement between the disciplines of environmental philosophy, feminism, political theory, and law; and contributes to an emerging discourse of ecofeminist political philosophy. Her publications include "Ecofeminism and Forest Defense in Cascadia: Gender, Theory and Radical Activism" published in Capitalism, Nature, Socialism. 17 (1):32-49, 2006 and "Acts of Objectification and the Repudiation of Dominance: Leopold, Ecofeminism, and the Ecological Narrative" published in Ethics & the Environment. 6 (2):59-89; 2001. Her dissertation focused on questions of political representation, subjectivity, and inclusion for women, communities of color, and the more-than-human world. She is interested in ways that philosophical debates over political representation are relevant to ecofeminist political projects, including ecofeminist envisionings of species-inclusive dialogical democracy. A second major area of current research interest concerns women’s and transgender direct action forest defense movements and how such activisms embody a theory/praxis dialectic. In addition to her scholarly activities, Chaone occassionally presents workshops on ecofeminism to activist and community groups outside of academia; her work is very informed by these interactions.

Lori Martindale is an Instructor in Gender and Sexuality Studies and Honors departments at Western Washington University. Lori is a Ph.D. from The European Graduate School in Switzerland, and is the author of On Leaving: Poetry, Daesthetics, Timelessness.

Jennifer Matey is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the Florida International University. She is interested in various issues in the philosophy of mind, philosophical foundations of psychology and cognitive science, epistemology, metaphysics and feminist philosophy. She is currently writing on epistemological and metaphysical issues related to perception.

Noëlle McAfee is professor of philosophy at Emory University. Her work is in ethics; democratic theory; feminism; pragmatism; and continental philosophy. She has been the director of both the Gender Studies program and the Honors Program at the University of Massachusetts Lowell. She is the author of Democracy and the Political Unconscious (Columbia University Press); Habermas, Kristeva, and Citizenship (Cornell University Press, 2000); and Julia Kristeva (Routledge, 2004). She co-edited, with James Veninga, Standing with the Public: the Humanities and Democratic Practice (Kettering Foundation Press). Her articles have appeared in the journals Philosophy and Social Criticism, Philosophy Today, the Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Hypatia, and Semiotica. Her essay "Two Feminisms" is the subject of the Fall 2007 Symposium on Gender, Race and Philosophy. She is associate editor of the Kettering Review and co-editor, with Claire Snyder, of the Fall 2007 special issue of the feminist philosophy journal Hypatia on feminist engagements in democratic theory. She is also an associate of the Kettering Foundation. She blogs occasionally at gonepublic: philosophy, politics, and public life.

Linda López McAlister, Professor Emerita of Philosophy and Women’s Studies at the University of South Florida, earned her A.B. in philosophy from Barnard College in 1961 and her Ph.D. from Cornell in 1969. She taught and was an administrator at Brooklyn College, the CUNY Graduate Center, San Diego State, and the University of South Florida. She was a founding member of Eastern SWIP in the late 1960s and then, while a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Würzburg in 1974, she organized a meeting of German and American women philosophers out of which emerged the International Association of Women Philosophers (IAPh). That meeting introduced her to the work of Edith Stein, Hedwig Conrad-Martius, and Gerda Walther and to the history of women philosophers, in general. She was General Editor of Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy from 1990 to 1998 and was the founder of the SWIP-List. In 1998 she was honored by Eastern SWIP as a Distinguished Woman Philosopher. She has written, translated and or edited a number of books on Franz Brentano, the history of women in philosophy, and feminist philosophy. Now living in New Mexico, she has a new career as a producer and director of stage and radio plays in Albuquerque and in Mexico through her company Camino Real Productions LLC. //
//Mary Kate McGowan// s an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Wellesley College. She received her M.A. and Ph. D. at Princeton University. Her research interests include metaphysics (metaphysical realism, grue paradox), feminism and issues at the intersection of language and law. She has recently done work on speech acts and free speech. //

Jen McWeeny is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at John Carroll University. She received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Oregon in 2005 and her M.A. in Philosophy from the University of Hawai’i at Manoa in 2000. Her research interests are in the areas of epistemology, emotion theory, phenomenology, cognitive science, feminist comparative philosophy, and modern philosophy. She has published articles on Simone de Beauvoir, comparative methodology, and emotion theory, and has recently translated an essay by Renaud Barbaras for Research in Phenomenology. She is currently the executive secretary of the Eastern Division of the Society of Women in Philosophy. At present, she is writing a series of articles on feminist phenomenology, embodied cognition, and intersectionality, respectively.

Sharon M. Meagher, Ph.D. is Chair of the Department of Latin American Studies and Women’s Studies and Professor of Philosophy at The University of Scranton. Meagher also serves as the co-facilitator of the University’s sustainability curriculum workshops. Meagher’s research and teaching interests focus on urban issues, women and development in the global South, and publicly engaged philosophy. She is the co-founder and co-director of the Public Philosophy Network, an organization that fosters and supports publicly engaged social action, teaching, and research projects that involves collaboration between philosophers and various public partners. Her own publicly engaged philosophical work has focused on urban neighborhood community organizing and on building coalitions with women in the global South (particularly in Rwanda and in Mexico). Meagher’s publications include //Philosophy and the City: Classic to Contemporary Writings// (SUNY Press, 2008) and Women and Children First: Feminism, Rhetoric, and Public Policy (SUNY Press, 2006). She is currently completing a monograph, Philosophical Streetwalking (SUNY P); in it she traces the history of Western philosophy's fraught relationship to public life. She maintains a website on teaching philosophy of/in the city.

Diana Tietjens Meyers
is Ignacio Ellacuria Chair in Normative/Social Ethics and Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University, Chicago. For many years, she was Professor of Philosophy at the Unive rsity of Connecticut, Storrs. In Spring 2003, she was the Laurie Chair in Women’s and Gender Studies at Rutgers University. She works in four main areas of philosophy – philosophy of action, feminist ethics, human rights theory, and the aesthetics of political art. Her monographs are Inalienable Rights: A Defense (1985, Columbia University Press), Self, Society, and Personal Choice (1989, Columbia University Press), Subjection and Subjectivity: Psychoanalytic Feminism and Moral Philosophy (1994, Routledge), and Gender in the Mirror: Cultural Imagery and Women’s Agency (2002, Oxford University Press; also available through Oxford Scholarship Online). Being Yourself: Essays on Identity, Action, and Social Life is a collection of her (mostly) previously published essays (2004, Rowman and Littlefield). She has edited seven collections and published many journal articles and chapters in books. She is currently editing two issues of Hypatia sponsored by FEAST and working on two books -- one about embodied agency and the other about victims' narratives and human rights.

//Marjorie C. Miller// is Professor of Philosophy at Purchase College, SUNY, where she also sits on the Gender Studies Board of Study and the Asian Studies Board of Study. Her primary interests are in Pragmatism, Feminist theory, and Chinese philosophy. Her publications include articles and chapters in all three areas. Some of these include: “On the Arrival of a Ministry of Disturbance” in Feminist Interpretations of John Dewey: Rereading the Canon. Women, Identity, and Feminist Philosophy.” In Is Feminist Philosophy Philosophy?. “Pragmatism As a Theme in the Cultural Developments of China and the United States” (translated into Chinese by Li Hong) in Studies in Dialectics of Nature: Philosophy of nature, science and technology, technology and society. Beijing.

Roberta L. Millstein is Professor of Philosophy in the Philosophy Department at the University of California, Davis, where she is also affiliated with the Science and Technology Studies Program as well as the John Muir Institute for the Environment. She researches in the philosophy of science (especially causation, probability, and determinism) and the history and philosophy of biology (especially evolution and ecology); she also has interests in environmental ethics.

Elizabeth Minnich is presently Senior Fellow, Association of American Colleges & Universities, attached to its Office of Diversity, Equity, and Global Initiatives. She is the author of Transforming Knowledge, second edition; co-author with Si Kahn of The Fox in the Henhouse: How Privatization Threatens Democracy; and co-editor of Reconstructing the Academy: Women’s Education and Women’s Studies (Minnich, O’Barr, Rosenfeld). Her essays appear in 17 anthologies and 3 textbooks as well as journals and other publications. Her academic appointments have included Core Professor at The Union Institute’s Graduate College of Interdisciplinary Arts & Sciences; Associate Dean of Faculty, Barnard College; Director of Studies, Hollins College. Among other visiting appointments, she has been the Hartley Burr Alexander Chair, Professor of Philosophy and the Humanities, at Scripps College; Whichard Visiting Distinguished Professor in the Humanities and Women’s Studies at East Carolina University; Thomas P. Johnson Distinguished Visiting Professor at Rollins College; a Visiting Scholar at The Getty’s Institute on the History of the Arts and Humanities; and has delivered the McDonald Philosophy Lecture, the Williams James Synoptic Lectures, the First Annual Jane S. Roberts Lecture in Women’s Studies, the Margaret Cunningim Lecture in Women’s Studies, the Annual Marcus Orr Lecture on Higher Education. She is a past-chair of the N.C. Humanities Council, and serves on boards for the Center for Women’s International Leadership; the Center for Humans and Nature; the Center for Professional and Applied Ethics.

Mary Christine Morkovsky presently teaches philosophy at Assumption Seminary in San Antonio, Texas. Her interests include process philosophy, philosophy of liberation, and Latin American thought. She has published articles in Journal of the History of Philosophy, The Modern Schoolman, Listening, and The Thomist and co-edited and co-translated books.

//Mechthild Nagel// is professor of philosophy at the State University of New York, College at Cortland and a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Institute for African Development at Cornell University. She is author of Masking the Abject: A Genealogy of Play (Lexington, 2002), co-editor of Race, Class, and Community Identity (Humanities, 2000), The Hydropolitics of Africa: A Contemporary Challenge (Cambridge Scholars Press, 2007) and Prisons and Punishment: Reconsidering Global Penality (Africa World Press, 2007). Nagel is editor-in-chief of the online journal Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Women's and Gender Studies ( She is currently co-editing a festschrift with Ann Ferguson, Dancing with Iris: Between Phenomenology and the Body Politic in the Political Philosophy of Iris Marion Young. Nagel's research focuses on gender, race and prisons and on indigenous approaches to restorative justice. //

Kathryn J. Norlock is an American-born philosopher from Chicago, Illinois, and currently a philosopher in Canada (see listing on the Canada page). From 2001-2010 she was a professor of Philosophy at St. Mary’s College of Maryland, and a steering committee member of the cross-disciplinary Environmental Studies and Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies programs. Her primary research and teaching areas are ethical theory, feminist philosophy and environmental philosophy. Her publications include the monograph, Forgiveness from a Feminist Perspective (2008), and articles on evils, environmental ethics and feminist ethics. She was appointed to the APA Committee on the Status of Women for 2009-2012, and elected to the Society for Analytical Feminism (SAF) executive for 2010-2012. Since earning her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2001, she has taught courses in logic, epistemology, social and political philosophy, gender studies, environmental studies, and moral philosophy.

Martha Nussbaum is the Ernst Freund Distinguished Service Professor of Law and Ethics at the University of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois. As chair, she holds appointments in the University of Chicago Divinity School, Law School, and Philosophy School. She previously held positions at both Harvard University and Brown University. Nussbaum's work concerns mostly political philosophy and ethics. She is known for her work regarding human sexuality, human rights, and feminism. Nussbaum has published over 10 works. She is a board member of the Human Rights Program at the University of Chicago.

Peg O’Connor is Professor of Philosophy and Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies at Gustavus Adolphus College in St Peter, Minnesota. She is the author of Morality and Our Complicated Form of Life: Feminist Wittgensteinian Metaethics (Penn State 2008) and Oppression and Responsibility: A Wittgensteinian Approach to Social Practices and Moral Theory (Penn State 2002). Additionally, she has co-edited Feminist Interpretations of Ludwig Wittgenstein with Naomi Scheman (Penn State 2002) and Oppression, Privilege, and Resistance with Lisa Heldke (McGraw Hill 2004). She is also the co-editor of the only publication in the philosophical travel-leisure genre, Philosophers on Holiday, with Lisa Heldke. Presently she is working on two separate but destined to collide projects. The first is an examination of the mind/body dualism from the perspective of abuse and trauma survivors, exploring whether there is a subtle and problematic form of ableism in the recommendations of feminist therapists to integrate mind and body in order to be a whole person. The second project is an attempt to bring Wittgensteinian insights to an examination of addiction and dependency, making particular use of his concept “form of life.” When not in the classroom or squinting in front of a computer, Peg can be found playing tennis, riding her bicycle, paddling a kayak, or devouring a murder mystery. She vows not to suffer the effects of too much of a one-sided diet.

//Kelly Oliver// is W Alton Jones Professor of Philosophy at Vanderbilt University. Her specializations include 19th and 20th Century Continental Philosophy (particularly Phenomenology and Existentialism, and Contemporary French Philosophy), Feminist Theory (particularly French Feminist Theory and Feminist Film Theory). She is the author of over fifty articles and eight books: Women as Weapons of War (Columbia University Press, 2007); The Colonization of Psychic Space :Toward a Psychoanalytic Social Theory (University of Minnesota, 2004); Noir Anxiety: Race, Sex, and Maternity in Film Noir (University of Minnesota 2002), Witnessing: Beyond Recognition (University of Minnesota 2001), Subjectivity Without Subjects: From Abject Fathers to Desiring Mothers (Rowman & Littlefield 1998), Family Values: Subjects Between Nature and Culture (Routledge 2002), Womanizing Nietzsche: Philosophy’s Relation to “the Feminine” (Routledge 1995), and Reading Kristeva: Unraveling the Double-Bind (University of Indiana 1995). She has edited several books, including Recent French Feminism (Oxford University Press, 2004); Ethics, Politics and Difference in Kristeva’s Writings (Routledge 1995), Feminist Interpretations of Nietzsche (Penn State Press 1998), The Portable Kristeva (Columbia 1998, 2nd Edition 2002), and French Feminism Reader (Rowman & Littlefield 2000).

L.A. Paul is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Her main philosophical interests are in metaphysics. She is especially interested in mereology, causation, identity, constitution and essence, and works on related topics in the philosophy of science, philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language.

Tanya Rodriguez is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at The City University of New York, John Jay College. She specializes in aesthetics and ethics, film theory, and moral psychology.

Naomi Scheman is Professor of Philosophy and of Gender, Women, & Sexuality Studies at the University of Minnesota and (from 2009-2011) a Guest Researcher at Umeå Center for Gender Studies, Umeå University, Sweden. She works in feminist epistemology, broadly understood: she is interested in the political and social aspects of making sense. A collection of her essays was published in 1993 by Routledge: Engenderings: Constructions of Knowledge, Authority,& Privilege, and a second volume is forthcoming from Oxford: Shifting Ground: Knowledge & Reality, Transgression & Trustworthiness. She is working on a narrative conception of ontology: things are the differences they make to their surroundings and the differences their surroundings make to them; and on the consequences for epistemology: if you want to understand something, learn how to listen to its neighbors.

Sally J. Scholz is professor of philosophy and faculty at the Center for Peace and Justice Studies at Villanova University. She specializes in social and political philosophy, feminist theory, and ethics. She has also done extensive work on Simone de Beauvoir, Alain L. Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. She has written many articles on oppression, violence, solidarity, language, and peace. Her single-authored books include On de Beauvoir (Wadsworth 2000), On Rousseau (Wadsworth 2001), and Political Solidarity (Penn State Press 2008). She edited Peacemaking: lessons from the Past, Visions for the Future, with Judith Presler (Rodopi 2000), The Contradictions of Freedom: Philosophical Essays on Simone de Beauvoir's Les Mandarins, with Shanon Mussett (SUNY 2005), and a special issue of the Journal of Social Philosophy on Solidarity, with Carol Gould (Vol. 38:1 (2007)). Scholz was the former editor of the APA Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy (2003-2008) and is co-editor of the Journal for Peace and Justice Studies.

Robin May Schott received her Ph.D. in philosophy from Yale University (1983), and is currently research professor at the Department of Philosophy of Education at the Danish University of Education. She works in the areas of ethics, social and political theory, and feminist philosophy. In the past ten years she has focused especially on issues of war and sexual violence, and on the problem of evil. She has written or edited seven books, including Feminist Philosophy and the Problem of Evil (Indiana University Press, 2007), Discovering Feminist Philosophy (Rowman and Littlefield, 2003; Danish edition: Feministisk filosofi, Gyldendal, 2004), Feminist Interpretations of Immanuel Kant (Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997), Cognition and Eros; A Critique of the Kantian Paradigm (Beacon Press, 1988; paperback Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993). She has published over forty articles in international journals and books. Her current research also addresses the problem of bullying in schools.

Falguni A. Sheth is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Political Theory at Hampshire College in Amherst, MA. She writes and teaches in the areas of continental and political philosophy, philosophy of race, and legal and feminist theory. She has published articles on Heidegger, Foucault and technologies of race; the hijab as a political fear of liberal societies, racial and intra-racial dynamics in the U.S. political imaginary; the tendency of liberal polities to locate "exceptions" to equal rights; the feminism of Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and ethics of various public policy issues.
She has recently published Toward a Political Philosophy of Race (SUNY, 2009), in which she draws upon the caste system, the hijab, and the framework of liberalism to illustrate how racial divisions are a fundamental feature of sovereign-subject relations in a polity. She analyzes events pertaining to Muslims, Arabs, and South Asians to illustrate how populations are racialized through “impartial and neutral” laws. She is also an organizer of the California Roundtable for Philosophy and Race (

Susanna Siegel is Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. She works primarily in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. Most of her work focuses on the nature of perception. She is author of numerous articles in the philosophy of perception, many of which are linked from her website. She is also editor of a symposium on the phenomenology of agency in PSYCHE, and co-editor with Tamar Gendler and Steven Cahn of Elements of Philosophy (forthcoming, Oxford University Press).

Miriam Solomonreceived a PhD in Philosophy at Harvard University, and is Professor of Philosophy at Temple University. She works in the areas of philosophy of science, gender and science, philosophy of medicine and epistemology. She is author of Social Empiricism (MIT Press, 2001), guest editor of special issues of Episteme and Philosophy of Science, and has published over thirty articles. She is currently writing a book Unfinished Pluralism: Beyond the Art and Science of Medicine.

Cara Spencer earned a Ph.D. in philosophy from MIT in 1998 and is currently Associate Professor of Philosophy at Howard University. She works in the philosophy of mind and language, and had published articles on epistemological questions about self-locating thought, and the semantics and pragmatics of propositional attitude ascriptions, and is currently at work on a new project about our auditory experience of spoken language. Many of her articles are linked from her website.

Nancy Stanlick is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Central Florida, Orlando. Her primary research and teaching areas are ethics and social philosophy. She is co-editor/co-author of two books in the history of American philosophy, Philosophy in America (Pearson Prentice Hall, 2004) and author of several articles on Thomas Hobbes, academic ethics, and other issues in social philosophy and ethics. These are published in journals such as Journal of Social Philosophy, Teaching Philosophy, and International Journal of Politics and Ethics. She is also a participant in several grant projects related to ethics and ethics education and author of blogs of philosophical interest such as "Academic and Research Ethics" and "UCF Core Commitments" (Educating Students for Personal and Social Responsibility).

Shannon Sullivan is Head of the Philosophy Department and Professor of Philosophy, Women’s Studies, and African and African American Studies at Penn State University. She teaches and writes in the areas of feminist philosophy, critical philosophy of race, American pragmatism, and continental philosophy. In addition to over thirty articles and essays, she is the author of Revealing Whiteness: The Unconscious Habits of Racial Privilege (Indiana UP, 2006) and Living Across and Through Skins: Transactional Bodies, Pragmatism and Feminism (Indiana UP, 2001). She has co-edited (with Nancy Tuana) a special issue of Hypatia on Feminist Epistemologies of Ignorance (Summer 2006) and an anthology on Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance (SUNY Press, 2007).

Julie Tannenbaum is currently an assistant professor of philosophy at Pomona College. Prior to being at Pomona, she received her Ph.D. (2002) from UCLA, taught at UCSC, UCLA, and CSUN, and was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health. She is interested in a wide range of areas in moral philosophy -- ethical theory, moral psychology, metaethics, bioethics, and the history of ethics. She focuses on those topics where ethics intersects with metaphysics, philosophy of action, and philosophy of mind. Some of her publications include
“Categorizing Goods,” Oxford Studies in Metaethics, 2010; “The ‘Should’ of Full Practical Reason,” Philosophical Books, vol 48 (2), April 2007; “Emotional Expressions of Moral Value,” Philosophical Studies, vol. 132 (1), January 2007; and “Acting with Feeling from Duty,” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, vol. 5 (3), September 2002.

Marcella Tarozzi-Goldsmith was born in Italy and moved to the United States in 1969; she earned a Ph.D. in philosophy from Georgetown University (Washington DC) in 1988; her dissertation has been published: the topic was irony and humor seen from the psychoanalytic viewpoint, both Freudian and Lacanian. She had previously earned a Laurea degree with a thesis in philosophy from the University of Bologna (Italy), and subsequently a Master Degree from Hunter College in New York City. She is active in several fields: in particular aesthetics. In 1999 she published The Future of Art—An Aesthetics of the New and the Sublime with SUNY Press, which she also presented at the University of Bologna shortly after. She has presented papers in aesthetics and continental philosophy in the United States at the American Philosophical Association meetings and at Harvard, and written book reviews also on psychoanalytic topics for Telos, The Review of Metaphysics, Hypatia, New Nietzsche Studies, and The Journal of European Psychoanalysis. She has worked extensively in the area of German Idealism (Hegel and Schelling in particular) and also Nietzsche and French philosophy. In addition to her academic writings, noteworthy are her publications in Italian of aphorisms of a philosophical nature: Il silenzio e la parola (Pendragon , 2001), Da un altrove (Andromeda, 2001) and D’un tratto (Joker, 2007), and her numerous translations. She also belongs to, and she is active in major philosophical societies. She can be reached at

Lisa Tessman received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, in 1996. She is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Women's Studies at Binghamton University, where she directs the Philosophy Department's graduate program in Social, Political, Ethical and Legal Philosophy (SPEL). Her primary areas of research and teaching are ethics (especially virtue
ethics), feminist ethics and social theory, critical race theory, and social and political philosophy. In addition to various articles, she has published Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for Liberatory Struggles (Oxford University Press, 2005). She co-edited (with Bat-Ami Bar On)
Jewish Locations: Traversing Racialized Landscapes (Rowman and Littlefield, 2001). She is currently editing a volume tentatively entitled Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal to be published by Springer as part of a five-volume set on Feminist Philosophy by Springer in 2009.

Rosemarie Tong received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from Temple University in 1978. She is currently the Distinguished Professor of Health Care Ethics in the Department of Philosophy and the Director of the Center for Professional and Applied Ethics at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. She is the Past Coordinator of the International Network of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics and currently serves as an Executive Board Member of the International Association of Bioethics. She is presently the Chair of the American Philosophical Association’s Committee on the Status of Women and an Executive Board Member of the International Association of Bioethics. She is a frequent panelist and judge for the National Institutes of Health, and a winner of the 1986 CASE National Professor of the Year Award. Dr. Tong has authored or co-edited thirteen books, including Feminist Philosophies: Problems, Theories, and Applications co-edited by James Sterba and Janet Kourany (1991), Feminine and Feminist Ethics (1994), Controlling Our Reproductive Destiny: A Technological and Philosophical Perspective (1994), Feminist Philosophy: Essential Readings in Theory, Reinterpretation, and Application (1994), Feminist Approaches to Bioethics (1996), Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction (1998), Globalizing Feminist Bioethics: Crosscultural Perspectives, with Aida Santos and Gwen Anderson (2001), Linking Visions: Feminist Bioethics, Human Rights, and the Developing World with Anne Donchin and Sue Dodds (2004), and New Perspectives in Health Care Ethics: A Twenty-first Century Vision (2006). She has published over 100 articles on topics related to reproductive and genetic technology, biomedical research, feminist bioethics, and global bioethics. She is a frequent speaker at national and international conferences, universities and medical schools. Most recently, Dr. Tong has presented at conferences in Australia, Finland, England, Brazil, Mexico, and the Philippines.

Adriel M. Trott is an Assistant Professor at the University of Texas, Pan American. She received her Ph.D. in Philosophy from Villanova University in 2008 and her B.A. from the College of William and Mary. Her research focuses on ancient political thought, specifically in Aristotle, in order to develop resources for thinking political life beyond the logic of sovereignty and the modern subject. Her work involves challenging the distinction between nature and reason and the household and polis through studies of Aristotle. Her current book project puts this research to work to rethink political life at the border. Trott considers contemporary thinkers such as Hannah Arendt, Giorgio Agamben and Alain Badiou in order to further such a politics. She is the founder and coordinator of the Anzaldua Speakers Series in Philosophy at UTPA. In November, Trott presented her research on Alain Badiou's thought as a resource for thinking political belonging beyond governmental recognition in Dr. Christopher Long's "Socratic Politics in Digital Dialogue," entitled, "Politics After Rights ."

Nancy Tuana is the DuPont/Class of 1949 Professor of Philosophy, Science, Technology, and Society, and Women’s Studies and Director of the Rock Ethics Institute at the Pennsylvania State University. Her research and teaching specialties include feminist science studies, with particular attention to the intersection of ethical and epistemological issues in science and feminist theory. Her books and anthologies include Engendering Rationalities (SUNY Press); Feminism and Science (Indiana University Press); The Less Noble Sex: Scientific, Religious, and Philosophical Conceptions of Woman’s Nature (Indiana University Press), Revealing Male Bodies (Indiana University Press), Race and the Epistemologies of Ignorance (SUNY Press) and Women and the History of Philosophy (Paragon House). She is a contributor to The White Paper on the Ethical Dimensions of Climate Change. She serves as series editor of the Penn State Press series ReReading the Canon and co-editor of the Stanford Encyclopedia’s entries on feminist philosophy.

Ericka Tuckeris an Assistant Professor at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, a.k.a. Cal Poly Pomona, a.k.a CSU Pomona. She received her B.A. in Philosophy from Brown University in 1999 and her Ph.D. in Philosophy with a Certificate in Women's Studies from Emory University in 2009. Her research areas are Early Modern Philosophy (especially Spinoza), Social and Political Philosophy (especially Democracy Theory and Global Justice), and Feminist Theory. She is interested broadly in questions of human empowerment and the nature of normativity. She is particularly interested in the metaphysical and psychological underpinnings of human social and political life. She explores these questions through a variety of sources, including: 17th century philosophical works, contemporary studies in political philosophy, affective neuroscience, and white papers from development theorists and practitioners. She has several forthcoming articles, but currently has a piece on "Spinoza" in D. Chatterjee (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Global Justice. Springer, 2011.

Mary Ellen Waithe, Professor of Philosophy at Cleveland State University, has written extensively in the fields of bioethics and history of women philosophers. Her work in the former led her to be appointed Director of CSU's Bioethics program in 1990, and her report to the Ohio Attorney General's office and the Ohio Board of Pharmacy of a non-heart-beating organ donation protocol led to an investigation of that protocol by the National Academy of Medicine. Her persistence resulted in a "promise" by the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor to prosecute a half-dozen physicians affiliated with the Cleveland Clinic with conspiracy to commit homicide, and to a broadcast of the issue by print and television media. In response to the scrutiny, the protocol was withdrawn and new, clearer national guidelines for organ donation were adopted. She has published a dozen articles in bioethics. Less dramatic but equally rewarding has been her research leading to interest in the history of women philosophers. Her 4-volume series A History of Women Philosophers is widely credited with spurring many to prepare contemporary editions of works by women philosophers of earlier centuries, including a number of translations. Waithe is delighted to be considered an Authority on Oliva Sabuco and the question of authorship by the Library of Congress the result of a convincing article "Pothumously Plagiarizing Oliva Sabuco (with Maria Vintro).Together with Vintro she has preserved original documents on the life of Oliva Sabuco, her family and colleagues. She (with colleagues Maria Vintro and C. Angel Zorita) has recently published a translation of a philosophy of medicine by a l6th-century woman philosopher, Oliva Sabuco: New Philosophy of Human Nature (2007). She is delighted to be working on another "Canon Fodder" review of recent publications about women philosophers. Anyone knowing of a link to or photograph of portraits by Damaris Masham, Mary Shepherd, or Julie Velten Favre is implored to share the wealth with Waithe at:

Kristin Waters is Professor of Philosophy at Worcester State University where she was founding director of the interdisciplinary women’s studies program. She is a Resident Scholar at Brandeis University Women’s Studies Research Center. Her books include Women and Men Political Theorists: Enlightened Conversations (Wiley 2000), a collection of writings by women and men from the 17th-19th centuries designed for inclusive political theory courses, and, with Carol B. Conaway, she edited Black Women’s Intellectual Traditions: Speaking their Minds, a collection of contemporary essays about black women’s writing in the nineteenth century. The book received the Letitia Woods Brown Award from the Association of Black Women Scholars. She has written many articles and reviews. She is a founding member of the Caribbean Philosophical Association, and long-serving volunteer at Daybreak Services for Women and Children. Further interests include the intersections of art and activism.

Florence Bradford Wallack is an independent philosopher who wrote a book on Alfred North Whitehead's philosophy of organism. The book is about Whitehead's unique theory of time, of entities or beings, and of relationships or togetherness. The book has a long title: The Epochal Nature of Process in Whitehead's Metaphysics. It was published by the State University of New York Press in 1980. Thank you for this website on women philosophers.

Georgia Warnke is Distinguished Professor at University of California, Riverside. She works on Continental Philosophy, especially Critical Theory and Hermeneutics, as well as feminist and political philosophy. She is the author of five books: Gadamer: Hermeneutics, Tradition and Reason (Stanford University Press, 1987; translated into French, Swedish, Korean and Japanese); Justice and Interpretation (MIT Press, 1993; translated into Japanese); Legitimate Differences: Interpretation in the Abortion Controversy and Other Public Debates (University of California Press, 1999); After Identity: Rethinking Race, Sex and Gender (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2007) and Debating Sex and Gender (Oxford University Press, 2010)

Karen J. Warren, Professor of Philosophy at Macalester College, has written extensively in the fields of ecofeminist philosophy (and environmental philosophy), feminist philosophies, and critical thinking. Her work in ecofeminist philosophy helped generate a new area of philosophical, environmental and feminist scholarship on the interconnections among women, people of color, children, the poor, colonized and (other so-called) Third World peoples, on the one hand, and nonhuman animals and “nature,” on the other hand. She has written more than 40 refereed articles, single-authored Ecofeminist Philosophy: A Western Perspective on What It Is and Why It Matters (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000) and edited/co-edited six anthologies: Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology, 4th Edition. eds. Michael E. Zimmerman, J. Baird Callicot, Karen J. Warren, Irene J. Klaver, John Clark (Prentice-Hall, 2004); Ecofeminism: Women, Culture, Nature, (Indiana University Press, 1997); Bringing Peace Home: Women, Peace and Nature, co-edited with Duane Cady (Indiana University Press, 1996); Ecological Feminist Philosophies, (Indiana University Press, 1996); Ecological Feminism, Environmental Philosophy Series (Routledge, 1994). Currently, Warren is finishing a ground-breaking anthology—the first of its kind in any language—entitled Gendering the History of Western Philosophy: Pairs of Men and Women Philosophers From 5th Century B.C.E. to the Present, with Chapter Introductions and Commentaries (Rowman & Littlefield, forthcoming 2007). Her philosophical autobiography appears in, Singing in the Fire: Stories of Twelve Women Philosophers (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003) and her biography is included in Feminists Who Changed America, 1963-1975, ed. Barbara J. Love with a foreword by Nancy F. Cott (The University of Illinois Press: 2006). Warren was the occupant of the Women’s Chair in Humanistic Studies at Marquette University (2004) and Ecofeminist Scholar-in-Residence at Murdoch University (Perth, Western Australia in 1995. She is the recipient of five teaching awards, including the First Place Gold Hugo Award in General Education from the International Video and Film Society for “Thinking Out Loud,” a video that shows Karen teaching 1st and 4th graders and their teachers how to think critically about birds of prey (raptors). Warren’s essay, “Re-Writing the Malestream Curriculum,” was honored by the journal Feminist Teacher// as one of the best 10 essays in the first 10 years of the journal’s existence.

Laura Werner is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Committee on Social Thought, University of Chicago and a postdoctoral member of the Politics of Philosophy and Gender (PPhiG) research team at the Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in Political Thought and Conceptual Change. She received her PhD in Philosophy from the University of Helsinki in 2007 and worked as a Lecturer in Women’s Studies in 2007-8 at the University of Jyvaskyla. She has co-edited two books, Visions of Value and Truth: Understanding philosophy and literature (Acta Philosophica Fennica, 2006) and Feministinen filosofia [Feminist philosophy] (Gaudeamus, 2005), and has published articles on the relation of feminism and the history of philosophy, G.W.F. Hegel’s thought, and cultural philosophy, especially philosophy of literature and philosophy of film.

**Kathleen J. Wininger** is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Women and Gender Studies at the University of Southern Maine. She writes and publishes in the areas of late nineteenth and twentieth-century cultural philosophy. The author of Friedrich Nietzsche's Reclamation of Philosophy (Rodopi, 1997) and the editor, with Robert Baker, of Philosophy and Sex (Prometheus, 1998), she is currently working on a new edition of Philosophy and Sex (Prometheus, 2007), and a book on the African writer Bessie Head. Her works include articles on ethical theory, Friedrich Nietzsche's moral and aesthetic theories, Decolonization, and the ethical implications of European visual portrayal of colonized people. She teaches courses in Aesthetics, African Philosophy, and on Women Thinkers in Africa and the Diaspora. Prior to her present appointment, Dr. Wininger taught at Temple University, Earlham College and Villanova University in the United States. A frequent visitor to Southern and Eastern Africa, she has taught courses in Philosophy and Women's Studies in Kenya at the University of Nairobi.